Sunday, February 19, 2012

How To: Bug-Out Bag

A bug-out bag is a portable kit that contains the items one would require to survive for seventy-two hours when evacuating from a disaster. The point of the bug-out bag is that it is used to evacuate and not used as a long term survival tool. The bug-out bag also has been called the 72 hour pack, GOOD (Get Out Of Dodge), or the PERK (Personal Emergency Reloaction Kit). It is used to carry everything you would need to survive for 48-72 hours but with basic survival skills you could use it as a supplement and survive for much longer if you had to.

When designing your own bug-out bag you should consider your local environment, your skills, who you'll support, and other various details unique to only your situation. You want to customize this bug-out bag for you since your the one who will have to use it. It is also important to put you bag to the test by testing it on the trail or druing a mock evaluation. This helps your identify weaknesses in your bug-out bag.

Alot of people design thier bug-out bags using large duffel bags that can be transportsedwhile they excape in thier vehicle. I personally don't like this idea since there is always a chance that your car won't be available and your limited by fuel range. I personally like the option of using a typical backpacking backpack or similiar military pack from a gun store. It allows me the comfort of knowing that I can carry my pack as far as my legs will take me.

What you will bring in your bug-out bag is different what I'd bring in mine but the following is my recommended list for what I'd bring in the Washington State Area or United States Pacific Northwest.

Fire Making:
For this catagory you want to bring everything that would be needed to hep support fire making.


In this catagory you want everything you would need to boil water, carry water, and sterilize it. It is recommended that you bring 1 gallon of watrer per person per day.


This area requires that you bring everything you'd need to establish a shelter and everything needed for sleeping.
  • Backpacking Tent
  • Tarp for emergency shelter and to protect your tent
  • Tent Repiar Kits
  • Sleeping bags equal to the areas weather
  • 40-50 of 550lb paracord
  • Duct Tape Roll


You need to ensure you can navigate you desired excape route so great detail must be put into planning your route and ensuring you have a back up routes as well. Also, it is importtant to practice your routes so you don't get lost. It may seem easy to follow on your map but the execusion might not go off as planned and you don't want that to happen during an emergency.

  • Maps of your local city area
  • Topographic maps if you heading to the wilderness
  • Compass
  • GPS (may not work during an emergency but always good to have.)


A base set of clothes is a great start here that way if you can add to it during an emergency. Carry everything you'd need to stay dry and warm.

  • Wool socks (will still be warm even when wet)
  • Beanie or Hat
  • Gloves
  • Pants and shirts (not cotton since it takes all long time for it to dry)


Personal protection is always a personnal choice when choosing what to bring but I recommend some basics since during a emergency situation normal people could act quite crazy to be frank. People riot after teams win championships so it's not impossilbe to think that this will happen in an emergency.

  • Pepper Spray (Used to fend off less agressive individuals)
  • Fixed blade Survival Knife
  • Multi-tool
  • Gun (Carry extra ammo and a cleaning kit)
  • First Aid Kit with medication
  • Whistle to signal rescuers

Miscelaneous Items

The catagory covers anything that should be brought that doesn't fit into one of the main catagories.

  • SD Card with pictures of important documents (Social Security Cards, Birth Cetificates, Etc)
  • Toilet Paper
  • Cash (power may not be avaialable so bank cards will be useless)
  • Crank Operated Radio / Battery Operated
  • Flashlight or lanterns with extra batteries
  • Standard ID's (Drivers Liscence, Military ID, or the equivalent)

It's important to remember to bring everything you would need for your child or pet as well. Remember when building your bug-out bag that you can't take everything but you need to bring only what you'd need to survive for 72 hours using no outside support. What would you bring in your bag that might not be listed above?

Learn. Explore Survive.

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